Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
7. Account for the role of traditional ecological practices as a sustainable solution to climate change problem. (250 words)
Reference: Times of India
Why the question:
The article highlights the importance of leveraging traditional lo-tech innovations to fight climate change.
Key Demand of the question:
Account for the role of traditional ecological practices as a sustainable solution to climate change problem.
Account – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you are in agreement with the original proposition.
Structure of the answer:
Start with the context of the question.
First explain the idea of traditional lo-tech innovations; these innovations are based on diverse ecological understanding of indigenous communities. Give examples such as the root bridges of Meghalaya or the Kerala’s kuttanad system.
Explain the importance of such site-specific technologies to deal with sea level rise, food scarcity, water shortages, etc. Locally developed tech will mitigate these challenges.
Discuss about adaptability, flexibility and explain how to integrate with natural systems and only indigenous technology can help us achieve it.
Conclude that we cannot solve climate change with the same approach that created the problem. We need to move from polluting technology to nature-based science and the bridge enabling this important step is indigenous technological innovation.