Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment. Disaster and disaster management.
5. The recent tourist tragedy in Himachal Pradesh points to the importance of preserving ecology. Explain with suitable suggestions. (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why the question:
The tragic death of nine tourists in a landslip in Kinnaur district of Himachal Pradesh is another example highlighting the fragility of the ecology of the Himalayan States.
Key Demand of the question:
Elaborate upon the importance of preserving ecology and suggest ways to do the same.
Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Give a brief background of the issue in question.
Explain that encouraging an incompatible model of development in the hills, represented by big hydroelectric projects and large-scale destruction of forests and damming of rivers, will erode its ecology.
Sooner, the Himalayan States may be entering a phase of irreversible decline because of losses to their ecology and frequent landslides may become inevitable.
Discuss the impact of infrastructure, power development on the local ecology of the region.
Mega hydropower projects could alter several aspects of ecology, rendering it vulnerable to the effects of extreme events such as cloudbursts, flash floods, landslides, and earthquakes.
Suggest what needs to be done, highlight the policies and programs of the government in this direction and conclude.