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India’s failure to invest in public health facilities has resulted in a disproportionately large role for private services in this industry. Critically analyse.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

2. India’s failure to invest in public health facilities has resulted in a disproportionately large role for private services in this industry. Critically analyse. (250 words)

Reference:  Live Mint

Why the question:

The article explains in what way Healthcare privatization has not served India well.

Key Demand of the question:

Critically analyse in what way India’s failure to invest in public health facilities has resulted in a disproportionately large role for private services in this industry.

Directive:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

India opened its markets to private participation 30 years ago.  Overall, sectors dominated by private players boast of a reasonable degree of competitive intensity. The value delivered for prices charged or value for money has increased.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Briefly first present the state of India’s healthcare. The current Oxfam Inequality Report 2021 indicated India’s sad state of healthcare. It draws on data from the National Family Health Survey and the National Sample Survey to show large differences in health and healthcare access.

Explain why privatization of healthcare in India has not served its purpose.

Suggest what needs to be done.

Conclusion:

For millions of people, it’s still partly a nutrition issue. Recent studies, however, imply that prior advances in human development indexes have been lost. A major overhaul of public healthcare is required.