Topics Covered: The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
Plea to acquire papers of Bhagat Singh’s trial from Pakistan:
The Punjab government has been asked to take up the issue of acquiring files relating to the court cases of Bhagat Singh presently at the Punjab Archives in Anarkali tomb, Lahore in Pakistan.
Pakistan is preserving legacy of Bhagat Singh in a proper manner and is allowing even foreign scholars to consult these.
Bhagat Singh’s trial and execution:
- He executed on March 23, 1931 at the Lahore Central Jail along with Rajguru and Sukhdev.
- The most significant part of Bhagat Singh’s life is that spent in jail since his arrest on April 8, 1929 from the Central Assembly in Delhi, where he and B.K. Dutt offered themselves to be arrested after throwing harmless bombs in the Assembly to ‘make the deaf hear.’
- They were first trialed in the Delhi bomb case. Both were convicted and transported for life.
- He was also tried in the Lahore conspiracy case, related to the murder of Saunders.
- He was also involved in a hunger strike demanding the status of political prisoners.
About Bhagat Singh:
Born in September, 1907.
Gandhi’s influence: Initially, he supported Mahatma Gandhi and the Non-Cooperation Movement. However, when Gandhi withdrew the movement in the wake of the Chauri Chaura incident, Bhagat Singh turned to revolutionary nationalism.
Political ideology: His azaadi freedom was not limited to the expelling of the British; instead he desired azaadi from poverty, azaadi from untouchability, azaadi from communal strife, and azaadi from every form of discrimination and exploitation.
In 1923, Bhagat Singh joined the National College, Lahore which was founded and managed by Lala Lajpat Rai and Bhai Parmanand.
- Naujawan Bharat Sabha.
- Kakori Conspiracy case.
- Lahore Conspiracy case.
A revolutionary and a socialist, the contribution of Bhagat Singh to the Independence Movement of India is immense. Discuss.
Sources: the Hindu.