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Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM)

Topics Covered: Conservation related issues.

Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM):



A 100-day campaign to provide tap water access to government schools and anganwadis under Jal Jeevan Mission was launched on October 2, 2020.

  • However, over a third of government schools and anganwadis still do not have tap water access.
  • Also, there is widespread disparity among States, with a few laggards pulling down the national average, despite the fact that nine States and Union Territories have already achieved 100% coverage.



The campaign aimed to achieve 100% coverage, and provide potable piped water supply for drinking and cooking purposes as well as tap water for hand washing and in toilets in every school, anganwadi and ashramshala or residential tribal school.


About the Jal Jeevan Mission:

JJM envisages supply of 55 litres of water per person per day to every rural household through Functional Household Tap Connections (FHTC) by 2024.

It is under the Ministry of Jal Shakti.


It also encompasses:

  1. Prioritizing provision of FHTCs in quality affected areas, villages in drought prone and desert areas, Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) villages, etc.
  2. Providing functional tap connection to Schools, Anganwadi centres, Gram Panchayat buildings, Health centres, wellness centres and community buildings.
  3. Technological interventions for removal of contaminants where water quality is an issue.



  • The Mission is based on a community approach to water and includes extensive Information, Education and Communication as a key component of the mission.
  • JJM looks to create a jan andolan for water, thereby making it everyone’s priority.
  • The fund sharing pattern between the Centre and states is 90:10 for Himalayan and North-Eastern States, 50:50 for other states, and 100% for Union Territories.



Prelims Link:

  1. Mission goal.
  2. Implementation.
  3. Fund allocation.

Mains Link:

Discuss the significance of the mission.

Sources: the Hindu.