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Global Survey of 143 economies on Digital Trade Facilitation

Topics Covered: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

Global Survey of 143 economies on Digital Trade Facilitation:


Context:

United Nation’s Economic and Social Commission for Asia Pacific’s (UNESCAP) has released its latest Global Survey on Digital and Sustainable Trade Facilitation.

  • It is done every two years and aims to review the progress of trade facilitation reforms in their respective member states.
  • The survey has been carried out since 2015 jointly by the five United Nations Regional Commissions (UNRCs) — ECA, ECE, ECLAC, ESCAP and ESCWA.
  • The 2021 survey includes an assessment of 58 trade facilitation measures covered by the WTO’s Trade Facilitation Agreement.

 

India’s performance:

  1. India has scored 90.32 percent compared to the 78.49 percent in 2019.
  2. India’s scores on five key indicators: Transparency: 100%; Formalities: 95.83%; Institutional Arrangement and Cooperation: 88.89%; Paperless Trade: 96.3%; Cross-Border Paperless Trade: 66.67%.
  3. India’s overall score is higher than many OECD countries, EU region average.
  4. India is also the best performing country when compared to South and South West Asia region (63.12%) and Asia Pacific region (65.85%).

 

The Government of India has implemented various measures bringing technological intervention to bring transparency in the day to day administration. These include:

  1. AEBAS- Aadhar Enabled Biometric Attendance enables real time and flawless monitoring of employee attendance thereby ensuring punctuality among employee.
  2. e-Office aims to usher in more efficient, effective and transparent inter-government and intra-government transactions and processes. It enhances transparency, assure data security and data.
  3. GeM: Government e-Market (GeM) provided rich listing products for individual categories of Goods Services, transparent and ease of buying and user-friendly dash board for buying and monitoring supplies and payment.

 

Insta Curious: 

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InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. About the survey.
  2. Parameters.
  3. Performance of India.
  4. Performance of other countries.

Mains Link:

Discuss about the performance of India in the latest survey.

Sources: PIB.