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Unplanned growth, with no defenses against weather disasters, is leaving Indian cities a lot poorer, Illustrate with examples.

Topic: population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

1. Unplanned growth, with no defenses against weather disasters, is leaving Indian cities a lot poorer, Illustrate with examples. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

Urban flooding is a recurring event. This article highlights the reasons behind it.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in what way unplanned growth, with no defenses against weather disasters, is leaving Indian cities a lot poorer.

Directive:

Illustrate – A similar instruction to ‘explain’ whereby you are asked to show the workings of something, making use of definite examples and statistics if appropriate to add weight to your explanation.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with context of the question.

Body:

Due to global warming, the volume and duration of monsoonal rain are becoming unpredictable, and its catastrophic impacts on cities will become more frequent.

One can give the example of Mumbai city and the urban floods it is witnessing. The revival of the monsoon has affected Mumbai and its suburbs once again. It has disrupted drinking water supplies and had exposed the ill state of its infrastructure.

The limitations of Mumbai’s infrastructure to accommodate intense monsoons, and its inability to provide affordable inner-city housing to the less affluent, are making other cities look more attractive.

Discuss what needs to be done.

Conclusion:

Mumbai’s neglect is not unique; most big cities are unsustainably expanding to the suburbs where even basic infrastructure is absent. Lakes and river areas are heavily encroached in these cities. Such unplanned growth, with no defenses against weather disasters, is leaving cities a lot poorer.