Topic: India and its neighborhood- relations. Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
4. India must reset its Afghan policy. Engagement with Taliban is a reality which cannot be ignored. Comment. (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why the question:
The article discusses India’s future Afghan policy in the light of American exit from Afghanistan.
Key Demand of the question:
Explain in what way India must reset its Afghan policy and engagement with Taliban is a reality which cannot be ignored.
Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.
Structure of the answer:
Start with brief background and context of the question.
With the withdrawal of the United States from Afghanistan in process, New Delhi has decided to ramp down its civilian presence in the war-torn country, bracing for a full-blown civil war.
Discuss what should India do; Open talks with Taliban: India must, in its own national interest, begin ‘open talks’ with Taliban. However, this doesn’t mean that India should give recognition to the Taliban.
Explain the evolution of India’s Taliban policy. Also discuss why India should engage the Taliban directly.
Conclude that India as of now is strategically limited to Indo-pacific arena. Afghanistan could provide, if not immediately, India with a way out.