Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
2. What the Pegasus surveillance scandal means for Indian democracy? Analyse.(250 words)
Reference: Indian Express
Why the question:
‘Pegasus Project’ report produced by the collaborative investigation of journalists from around the world has given rise to speculations of extensive surveillance by the Indian government.
Key Demand of the question:
Discuss in detail what the Pegasus surveillance scandal means for Indian democracy.
Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
Start with key facts relevant to the question to set the context.
The answer body must have the following aspects covered:
The Pegasus scandal is a matter of grave concern for Indian democracy. We have to discuss its Implications and future course of action.
Firstly, talk about the associated laws and agencies involved in surveillance activities in India.
Then discuss the threat posed by excessive surveillance; while a small amount of surveillance is necessary for national security, excess and arbitrary surveillance is dangerous. Excessive and unaccountable surveillance imperils privacy, freedom of thought, of speech, and has a chilling effect on people’s behaviour.
Discuss the concerns associated with surveillance in India.
Suggest solutions to address the issue and conclude.