Topic: Disaster and disaster management.
5. There were more frequent extreme weather events across the world in recent years. Do you think climate change as a sole reason for rise in such extreme events? Examine.(250 words)
Reference: Indian Express
Why the question:
The article provides a look at some of the extreme weather events across the world in 2021, and whether they are being caused by climate change.
Key Demand of the question:
Discuss in detail if climate change is a sole reason for rise in such extreme events.
Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.
Structure of the answer:
Start with key facts related to extreme weather events that have occurred recently.
Even as countries are grappling with the Covid-19 pandemic, climate change remains one of the biggest threats. This year, people around the world have been doubly hit by the pandemic and extreme weather events which experts say have been fuelled by climate change.
Explain how increasing temperatures mean more melting ice, higher sea levels, more heatwaves and other extreme weather.
Suggest that while there can be many other reasons for intense weather events, the trajectory is clear — climate change remains the most significant contributing factor that is causing more powerful heat waves, droughts and bigger storm surges.
Suggest solutions to address the issue.