Topic: Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security
7. Is a state actor more powerful than a non-state actor or is a non-state actor more powerful than a state actor? Deliberate. (250 words)
Why the question:
The question aims to differentiate the State and Non-state actors and in what way one is powerful than the other.
Key Demand of the question:
Explain if a state actor is more powerful than a non-state actor or is a non-state actor more powerful than a state actor.
Deliberate – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you agree with the original proposition.
Structure of the answer:
Start with what you understand by State and Non-State actors.
State actors are governments or their agencies of foreign countries and non-state actor are individual/ organisation who have social, political and economic power to influence national/international policies but they are not allied with any particular country such as NGOs, Inter- Govt. organisations, Terrorist outfits.
Difference b/w state and non-state actors are converging as state actors support non state actors whose ideologies converge with that of state actor. For example Pakistan using LeT and JeM against India. Sometimes non state actors also influence state policies like IMF’s condition to open India’s economy during balance of payment crisis of 1980s.
Discuss what needs to be done to overcome the threat of the two.
Conclude with solutions.