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Historic Urban Landscape Project

Topics Covered: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

Historic Urban Landscape Project:


Madhya Pradesh has launched UNESCO’s ‘Historic Urban Landscape’ project for Gwalior and Orchha cities of State.

  • The development and management plan of these cities will be prepared by UNESCO.
  • All aspects including history, culture, food, lifestyle, economic development, community development will be included in it.

These places will now be jointly developed by UNESCO, Government of India and Madhya Pradesh by focusing on their historical and cultural improvement.



Gwalior and Orchha in Madhya Pradesh were included in the list of UNESCOs world heritage cities under its urban landscape city programme in December 2020.



  • Gwalior was established in the 9th century and ruled by Gurjar Pratihar Rajvansh, Tomar, Baghel Kachvaho and Scindias.
  • The memorabilia left by them are found in abundance in memorials, forts and palaces in the area.



  • Orchha is popular for its temples and palaces and was the capital of the Bundela kingdom in the 16th century.
  • The famous spots in the town are Raj Mahal, Jehangir Mahal, Ramraja Temple, Rai Praveen Mahal, and Laxminarayan Mandir.


About the ‘Historic Urban Landscape’ Approach:

It was adopted in 2011 at UNESCO’s General Conference.

  • UNESCO defines HUL approach as an integrated approach towards managing heritage resources found within dynamic and evolving environments.
  • HUL acknowledges the interconnections within a city, which occur between the built and natural environments, the tangible and intangible values, as well as within the cultural and social practices of a community.
  • The approach addresses the policy, governance and management concerns involving a variety of stakeholders, including local, national, regional, international, public and private actors in the urban development process.



Prelims Link:

  1. About UNESCO’s HUL programme.
  2. Objectives.
  3. Guidelines.
  4. What is a World Heritage site?
  5. Eligibility.

Mains Link:

Discuss the significance of UNESCO’S HUL Program.

Sources: the Hindu.