Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora – their structure, mandate.
2. How are the Judges elected to International Court of Justice (ICJ)? Discuss the importance of ICJ seat to India’s diplomacy. (250 words)
Why the question:
The question is from the static portions of GS paper II , theme international institutions.
Key Demand of the question:
Discuss in detail the method of elections of Judges at the ICJ and importance of ICJ seat to India’s diplomacy.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Start with what ICJ is.
The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations (UN). It was established in June 1945 by the Charter of the United Nations and began work in April 1946.
The seat of the Court is at the Peace Palace in The Hague (Netherlands). Of the six principal organs of the United Nations, it is the only one not located in New York (United States of America). The Court is composed of 15 judges, who are elected for terms of office of nine years by the United Nations General Assembly and the Security Council. It is assisted by a Registry, its administrative organ. Its official languages are English and French.
Judges are elected to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in accordance with the Statute of the ICJ, the Rules of Procedure of the General Assembly, and the Provisional Rules of Procedure of the Security Council.
Usually, the General Assembly and Security Council meet simultaneously. Depending on the number of vacancies and nominations, ballots are prepared. There may be several rounds of voting by secret ballot. Summary voting results are given in the meeting records of the meeting at which the vote was held. The outcome of the vote is usually a decision.
Conclude with importance.