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Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) for Development of Infrastructure Facilities for Judiciary:

Topics Covered: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) for Development of Infrastructure Facilities for Judiciary:


Context:

The Union Government has approved continuation of the Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) for Development of Infrastructure Facilities for Judiciary for further five years to 2026.

 

About the CSS for Development of Infrastructure Facilities for Judiciary:

  • It has been in operation since 1993-94.
  • The Central Government through this scheme augments the resources of the State Governments for construction of court buildings and residential quarters for Judicial Officers (JO) in all the States / UTs.

 

Significance/benefits of the scheme:

  • This will help in improving the overall functioning and performance of the Judiciary.
  • Continued assistance to the Gram Nyayalayas will also give impetus to providing speedy, substantial and affordable justice to the common man at his door step.

 

What are Gram Nyayalayas?

Gram Nyayalayas or village courts are established under the Gram Nyayalayas Act, 2008 for speedy and easy access to the justice system in the rural areas of India.

  • The Act came into force from 2nd October 2009.

 

Jurisdiction:

  • A Gram Nyayalaya has jurisdiction over an area specified by a notification by the State Government in consultation with the respective High Court.
  • The Court can function as a mobile court at any place within the jurisdiction of such Gram Nyayalaya, after giving wide publicity to that regard.
  • They have both civil and criminal jurisdiction over the offences.
  • Gram Nyayalayas has been given power to accept certain evidences which would otherwise not be acceptable under Indian Evidence Act.

 

Composition:

The Gram Nyayalayas are presided over by a Nyayadhikari, who will have the same power, enjoy same salary and benefits of a Judicial Magistrate of First Class. Such Nyayadhikari are to be appointed by the State Government in consultation with the respective High Court.

 

Insta Curious: 

Do you know the differences between Conciliation and Mediation? Reference: 

 

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. About Gram Nyayalayas.
  2. Jurisdiction.
  3. Composition.
  4. Powers.
  5. About the Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) for Development of Infrastructure Facilities for Judiciary.

 Mains Link:

Discuss the significance of Gram Nyayalayas Act.

Sources: the Hindu.