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Do you think that ethical principles are universal in nature? Justify your answer with relevant examples.

Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of Family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

7. Do you think that ethical principles are universal in nature? Justify your answer with relevant examples. (250 words)

Reference:  researchgate.net

Why the question:

The question is about evaluating the universal nature of ethical principles.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss if ethical principles are universal in nature with suitable examples.

Directive:

Justify – When you are asked to justify, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences.  You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question using suitable case studies or/ and examples.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with what you understand by ethical principles.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Firstly, talk about the concept of ethical universalism. It believes in universal and immutable ethical values i.e. there are some ethical principles that are always true, that these principles can be discovered and that these principles apply to everyone.

Ethical principles are used to decide the rightness or wrongness of an action. But what is ethical under a given circumstance may itself be a subject of debate.

Then discuss the concept of ethical relativism. It believes that ethical principles keep changing depending on the circumstances and sociocultural factors. Ethicality of an act depends on the different cultures or different periods in history. For example, homosexuality has been de-criminalized recently in our country.

Provide relevant examples for both – universalism and relativism.

Conclusion:

Conclude based on the arguments written in the answer.