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What were the main features of India’s foreign policy? Elaborate on its main objectives.

Topic: Introduction and Evolution of India’s Foreign Policy

1. What were the main features of India’s foreign policy? Elaborate on its main objectives. (250 words)

Reference:  mea.gov.in

Why the question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper II , part India’s foreign policy.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the key features of India’s foreign policy since its inception.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

From the late 1920s on, Jawaharlal Nehru, who had a long-standing interest in world affairs among independence leaders, formulated the Congress stance on international issues. As Prime Minister from 1947, Nehru articulated India’s approach to the world.

Body:

The guiding principles of India’s Foreign Policy have been founded on Panchsheel, pragmatism and pursuit of national interest. The five principles of peaceful coexistence or Panchsheel was evolved during talks between India and the People’s Republic of China in 1954.

Explain the principles in detail.

Highlight in what way they are still relevant.

Discuss the different phases of it.

Conclusion:

Conclude that in the current phase of geopolitical transformation, India needs to follow an approach of working with multiple partners on different agendas. Therefore, Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas, Sabka Vishwas is relevant in foreign policy.