Topic: India and its neighborhood- relations. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
3. The America’s withdrawal from Afghanistan has spun the balance of power in favour of the Taliban. Critically analyse. (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why the question:
As part of the U.S.’s plan to withdraw its troops from Afghanistan by September 11, the U.S. troops departed from the Bagram Air Base that had helped coordinate its long drawn war in Afghanistan. This effectively marks the end of their military operations in the country.
Key Demand of the question:
Critically analyse the impact of withdrawal of American troops from the Afghan region.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.
Structure of the answer:
Start with brief background of the question.
In a bid to end its war in Afghanistan, the US reached a deal with the Taliban in February 2020. The deal dealt with four aspects of the conflict — violence, foreign troops, intra-Afghan peace talks and the use of Afghan soil by terrorist groups such as al-Qaeda and the Islamic State.
Discuss the associated concerns in detail; Stalemate between Taliban and Afghan government, continued violence etc.
Throw light on India’s stakes as well.
Conclude with the impact and its effect on India.