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Discuss briefly what BharatNet Project is and bring out the challenges associated with its implementation while suggesting solutions to address them .

Topic: GS-2: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

GS-3: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

4. Discuss briefly what BharatNet Project is and bring out the challenges associated with its implementation while suggesting solutions to address them . (250 words)

Reference:  Economic Times

Why the question:

The government has recently allocated Rs 19,041-crore for expansion and up gradation of BharatNet. Thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain briefly the BharatNet Project and bring out the challenges along with solutions to it.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

The second and final phase of BharatNet project was launched in 2017. Under the project, the government aims to connect 1.5 lakh panchayats through 10 lakh kilometres of additional optical fibre and give bandwidth to telecom players at nearly 75 per cent cheaper price for broadband and wifi services in rural areas.

Body:

Discuss in detail the BharatNet project. BharatNet Project is the world’s largest rural broadband connectivity programme using Optical fibre. It is implemented by Bharat Broadband Network Limited (BBNL) – a special purpose vehicle under the Telecom Ministry and is the Government of India’s ambitious rural internet connectivity programme.

Expansion of broadband to each village through BharatNet public-private partnership model has been earmarked as a part of Digital India Quantum Digital.

Discuss the hurdles in achieving the set target; lack of approved detailed project report, non-existent project implementing agencies, and non-availability of funds, Right of way (RoW) issues etc.

Conclusion:

Suggest what needs to be done and conclude with importance.