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Explain the need for a shift towards sustainable, nutritious and resilient agricultural system to achieve the goal of zero hunger for India.

Topic: Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

5. Explain the need for a shift towards sustainable, nutritious and resilient agricultural system to achieve the goal of zero hunger for India. (250 words)

Reference:  Financial Express

Why the question:

The article explains that fighting hunger needs fighting climate change.

Key Demand of the question:

One is expected to suggest pathways to achieve SDG-2 by the adoption of climate-friendly agriculture practices.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with basics of food and associated SDG goals.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Highlight the hunger conditions prevalent in India. Give facts like – Food is a common thread linking all 17 UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and critical to achieving overall goals within the timeframe. NITI Aayog recently released the SDG India Index 2020-21, highlighting the national and states’ progress on SDGs. The report states that 34.7% children aged under five in India are stunted.

Discuss conditions specifically found in India.

Explain why there is need for a shift towards sustainable, nutritious and resilient agricultural system to achieve the goal of zero hunger for India.

Suggest pathways to achieve the above goals.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.