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Explain the key features of Colonization, how is it different from Imperialism?

Topic: Colonization and Decolonization

1. Explain the key features of Colonization, how is it different from Imperialism? (250 words)

Reference:  Mastering World History by Norman Lowe

Why the question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I , part World History.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the key features of Colonization and explain in what way it is different from Imperialism.


Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:


Start with the definition of Colonization.


Colonialism implies domination of people’s life and culture. The main goal of colonialism is extraction of economic benefits from the colony. Colonialism results in control over life of natives in political, economic, cultural and social spheres. It is more subtle whereas Imperialism is more formal and aggressive.

Differentiate Colonialism with that of Imperialism. Imperialism refers; more broadly, to control or influence that is exercised either formally or informally, directly or indirectly, politically or economically. Colonialism usually implies formal political control, involving territorial annexation and loss of sovereignty.

Brief about the two and discuss their impact.


Conclude with their significant role in chalking the history of the world.