Topic: Security challenges and their management in border areas – linkages of organized crime with terrorism.
7. Drones as a technology offer a distinctively puzzling and complex security threat when it comes to terrorism and hybrid warfare. Critically analyse. (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why the question:
In the first such instance in India, explosive devices were dropped from drones in the technical area of the Air Force Station in Jammu, triggering blasts. Thus the question.
Key Demand of the question:
Analyse critically in what way Drones as a technology offer a distinctively puzzling and complex security threat when it comes to terrorism and hybrid warfare.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.
Structure of the answer:
Start with recent incidences associated with Drone attacks in India.
This represents the start of a new dimension to the terror cycles that the Kashmir Valley has experienced. There have been warnings that Pakistan-based terrorist groups could attempt to target military bases with drones.
Discuss in detail the concerns associated. Drones have developed significantly and acquired massive leaps in capability.
Weaponised drones were first used by the Islamic State in northern Iraq in 2016 and then in Syria.
They have wreaked havoc on Al Qaeda and other terrorist organisations in Afghanistan and other hotspots, used for targeted and precise eliminations by both Israelis and Americans. What makes drones particularly dangerous is the fact that they fly very low making them undetectable to radar and leaving little by way of reaction time once detected.
With the increasing use of drones for cross-border smuggling, the Indian security agencies must look for various ways to put in place reliable systems as part of a smart border management mechanism for deterrence. Suggest measures to tackle these challenges.