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Bring out Gandhiji’s philosophy of Means and Ends.

Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of Family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

7. Bring out Gandhiji’s philosophy of Means and Ends. (250 words)

Reference:  Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by Lexicon Publications

Why the question:

The question is based on the Gandhian philosophy of Means and Ends.  

Key Demand of the question:

Explain in detail the Gandhiji’s philosophy of Means and Ends.

Structure of the answer:


Start with the concept of Means and Ends.


Briefly define Means and Ends. In simple terms, ends are the goals or results. Means are the methods used to achieve goals. There are differing schools of thought with some justifying any means for achieving the goals while others uphold the need for right means to achieve the objectives in true sense.

Explain Gandhian perspective on the relative importance of Means and Ends.

Gandhiji’s views on ends and means hold ground in view of the fact that India, after gaining independence through his methods of satyagraha, adopted his principle of Sarvodaya (progress of all) and became the largest democracy in the world.


Conclude with importance.