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Study the impact of global trade on marine pollution while discussing remedial measures to address the same.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

6. Study the impact of global trade on marine pollution while discussing remedial measures to address the same. (250 words)

Reference:  Economic Times

Why the question:

Recently a cargo ship X-Press Pearl, carrying hazardous chemicals, including nitric acid, caught fire, exploded, and later sank off the coast of Colombo, Sri Lanka. Thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the impact of global trade on marine pollution while discussing remedial measures to address the same.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with a brief on what constitutes Marine pollution.

Body:

The answer body must discuss in what way global trade has become one of the major causes leading to marine pollution.

 Maritime transport is the backbone of international trade and the global economy. Around 80 per cent of global trade by volume and over 70 per cent of global trade by value are carried by sea and are handled by ports worldwide. Developing economies account for the largest share of global seaborne trade, both in terms of exports and imports.

Then discuss how Global trade is causing Marine Pollution; oil spills, dry bulk cargo releases, port building etc.

Explain the effect Pollution on Marine Ecosystem.

Conclusion:

Suggest solutions and conclude with way forward.