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Discuss the reasons owing to which the Communists led by Mao-Tse-Tung emerged victorious in the Chinese Civil War. Also, explain in what way Mao’s victory impacted South Asian politics?

Topic: Chinese Revolution

1. Discuss the reasons owing to which the Communists led by Mao-Tse-Tung emerged victorious in the Chinese Civil War. Also, explain in what way Mao’s victory impacted South Asian politics? (250 words)

Reference:  World history by Norman Lowe

Why the question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I , part World Geography.

Key Demand of the question:

This question seeks reasons for the victory of Chinese Communist Party over KMT regime in the Chinese Civil War and its impact upon South Asian Politics.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly introduce the Chinese Civil War. Put forth the timeline of it.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Explain first how the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) emerged victorious despite the odds.

Discuss the underlying factors; Political: The administration of both parties, Sino-Japanese War, Long march etc.  Socio-economic: The peasant and workers, the reforms of CCP, the communism effect. Comparative Leadership: Mao Tse Tung vs Chiang Kai Shek, the revolutionary spirit of CCP etc.

Then, outline the effect of Chinese Revolution in the South Asian Region; Tibet issue, Sino-Indian war, Taiwan and One China Policy etc.

Conclusion:

Summarize the above mentioned points which changed the fate of China and trace the emerging of the present day assertive China to this civil war.