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A federal structure with greater economic power to the States, will allow the Centre to focus on external threats instead of internal dissensions. Do you agree? Comment.

Topic: Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

3. A federal structure with greater economic power to the States, will allow the Centre to focus on external threats instead of internal dissensions. Do you agree? Comment. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

The article highlights the importance of a more federal structure in the country.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in what way a federal structure with greater economic power to the States, will allow the Centre to focus on external threats instead of internal dissensions.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly start by commenting upon the nature of federal structure in India.

Body:

Highlight the present nature of fiscal relations between Union and States.

Then, comment on the nature of revenue distribution between Centre and States. Discuss the associated constitutional provisions with respect to it.

Present a case for greater economic power to the States so that they can directly collect more taxes and be less dependent on the Central government.

Discuss how such methods can help address external threats instead of internal dissents.

 Conclusion:

Conclude that India’s hard-won independence and unity needs to be preserved. Today there are threats from China. There may be threats from Afghanistan after the U.S. withdraws its troops. A transition to a more federal structure will allow the Centre to focus on external threats instead of internal dissensions.