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How was Napoleon responsible for the unification of Germany and Italy? Explain.

Topic: Napoleon, Unification of Italy and Germany

1. How was Napoleon responsible for the unification of Germany and Italy? Explain. (250 words)

Reference:  Mastering Modern World History by Norman Lowe

Why the question:

The question is based on the theme of unification of Italy and Germany and role of Napoleon.  

Key Demand of the question:

Explain how Napoleon was responsible for the unification of Germany and Italy.


Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:


Start with brief history of the unification with timelines.


A new epoch began, when Napoleon Bona parte conquered the kingdoms of Austrian and French princes. He even annexed the Papal State. He brought together the city states. Napoleon gave Italy an uniform system of administration. The Italians learnt the French ideas of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity. They were introduced to concepts like self-government and freedom of press. This intensified their sense of patriotism.

Napoleon undertook military operations against the European coalitions that were formed against France. He conquered parts of Italy, Austria, Spain, Holland, Germany, etc. In Germany he created the “confederation of the Rhine” consisting of 38 German states.

Account for the role played by Napoleon in the unification.


Conclude with importance of contributions made by Napoleon.