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High-Level Dialogue on Desertification, Land Degradation and Drought (DLDD)

Topics Covered: Conservation related issues.

High-Level Dialogue on Desertification, Land Degradation and Drought (DLDD):


Context:

High-Level Dialogue on Desertification, Land Degradation and Drought (DLDD) was convened recently with the support of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) to assess the progress made in fighting land degradation,  and map the way forward on global efforts to revive and restore healthy land.

  • PM Modi is the President of the 14th Session of the Conference of Parties of United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD).

Need for a healthy land:

Land is the foundation of our societies and is a cornerstone to global food security and environmental health, zero hunger, poverty eradication and affordable energy. It underpins the success of the entire 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

Challenges:

  • Globally, one fifth of earth’s land area – more than 2 billion hectares – is degraded, including more than half of all agricultural land.
  • Unless we change how we manage soil, over 90% could become degraded by 2050.
  • Land degradation negatively impacts one fifth of the planet’s land area and the livelihoods of 3.2 billion people, 40% of the global population.
  • It accelerates climate change and biodiversity loss, and contributes to droughts, wildfires, involuntary migration and the emergence of zoonotic infectious diseases.

About UNCCD:

  • Established in 1994.
  • It is the sole legally binding international agreement linking environment and development to sustainable land management.
  • It is the only convention stemming from a direct recommendation of the Rio Conference’s Agenda 21.
  • Focus areas: The Convention addresses specifically the arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas, known as the drylands, where some of the most vulnerable ecosystems and peoples can be found.

 

Insta Curious: 

Did you know that to help publicise the Convention, 2006 was declared “International Year of Deserts and Desertification”?

 

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. About UNCCD.
  2. Objectives.
  3. Functions.

Mains Link:

Differentiate between land degradation and desertification? Discuss impact of desertification on ecology.

Sources: PIB.