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Galwan is an aide-mémoire that India cannot let its guard down on its northern borders. Comment.

Topic: GS-2: India and its neighborhood- relations.

GS-3: Security challenges and their management in border areas

5. Galwan is an aide-mémoire that India cannot let its guard down on its northern borders. Comment. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

The article takes an overview of the situation one year after the violent clashes between Indian and Chinese soldiers in Galwan valley.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in what way Galwan is an aide-mémoire that India cannot let its guard down on its northern borders.

Directive:

Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with background of the question.

Body:

Explain why it is important to keep the guards steady at the northern borders.

Discuss the concerns and issues at the Northern borders, explain in what way Galwan experience was a lesson to be remembered. To deal with the threat of combined China and Pakistan, the Government opened backchannel talks with Pakistan which led to the reiteration of the ceasefire on the Line of Control.

The Ladakh crisis has also led the Government to relook external partnerships, particularly with the United States.

The U.S. military officials have earlier spoken of the intelligence and logistics support provided to the Indian forces in Ladakh.

List down the challenges before India.

Conclusion:

The events of the past one year have significantly altered India’s thinking towards China. The relationship is at the crossroads now. The choices made will have a significant impact on the future of global geopolitics.