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Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) Year Book 2021

Topics Covered: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) Year Book 2021:


Swedish think tank Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) has released its Year Book 2021.

Key findings:

  1. India possessed an estimated 156 nuclear warheads at the start of 2021, compared with 150 at the start of last year, while Pakistan had 165 warheads, up from 160 in 2020.
  2. China’s nuclear arsenal consisted of 350 warheads, up from 320 at the start of 2020.
  3. The nine nuclear armed states — the U.S., Russia, the U.K., France, China, India, Pakistan, Israel and North Korea — together possessed an estimated 13,080 nuclear weapons at the start of 2021.
  4. Russia and the U.S. together possessed over 90% of global nuclear weapons.

What’s the Concern now?

The overall number of warheads in global military stockpiles now appears to be increasing, a worrisome sign that the declining trend that has characterised global nuclear arsenals since the end of the Cold War has stalled.

  1. The larger concern is that India and Pakistan are seeking new technologies and capabilities that dangerously undermine each other’s defence under the nuclear threshold.
  2. India-Pakistan “risk stumbling into using their nuclear weapons through miscalculation or misinterpretation in a future crisis.
  3. China’s evolving profile as a nuclear-weapons state was compounding India’s security challenges.

India’s stand on nuclear weapons:

India remains committed to the policy of No First Use (NFU) against nuclear weapon states and non-use against non-nuclear-weapon states.

The Conference on Disarmament (CD) remains the “world’s single multilateral disarmament negotiating forum” and India supports holding of negotiations on a Comprehensive Nuclear Weapons Convention at the CD.

  • India also remains committed to negotiations regarding a Fissile Material Cut-off Treaty (FMCT) in the CD.






Prelims Link:

  1. What is SIPRI?
  2. How many nuclear armed states are there in the world?
  3. 2020 nuclear warhead inventories.
  4. Comparison with previous report findings?
  5. What is the New START treaty?
  6. Which countries have reduced nuclear warheads over the last year?
  7. What is nuclear triad?

Mains Link:

Comment on the latest findings of 2020 SIPRI Yearbook.

Sources: the Hindu.