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Insights into Editorial: IISc-Bangalore top research institute in world, reveals QS World Rankings 2022

 

 

Context:

Indian Institute of Science Bangalore (IISc) is the world’s top research university, reveals in the QS World University Rankings 2022.

The report that was released ranked universities on six parameters including the Citations per Faculty (CPF) indicator when universities are adjusted for faculty size. IISc achieved a perfect score of 100/100.

In this metric, IISc beat global top universities even MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology which is the global ranking topper) to the top spot. These institutes too secured a 100/100 score for the parameter.

 

About QS World University Rankings:

Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) is a leading global career and education network for ambitious professionals looking to further their personal and professional development.

The ‘QS World University Rankings’ is an annual publication of university rankings which comprises the global overall and subject rankings.

Six parameters and their weightage for the evaluation:

  1. Academic Reputation (40%)
  2. Employer Reputation (10%)
  3. Faculty/Student Ratio (20%)
  4. Citations per faculty (20%)
  5. International Faculty Ratio (5%)
  6. International Student Ratio (5%)

QS develops and successfully implements methods of comparative data collection and analysis used to highlight institutions’ strengths.

 

Status Higher education system in India:

India’s higher education has various structural issues. With no university among the ranks of world class universities, India’s higher education system is termed as poor, structurally flawed.

  1. The growth rate of India in the last two decades can directly attribute to the higher education system.
  2. If India wants to greater growth, it must transform its universities and other higher technical education institution to world class institutions, then its higher education system must be reformed.
  3. Since, the country must safeguard the interests of young researchers, besides providing a strong platform for research and ensure permanent appointments for faculty members.
  4. IIT Delhi, which has become India’s second-best university, having risen from 193 to 185, and superseded Indian Institute of Science Bangalore (IISc Bangalore), which has fallen in rank from 185 to 186 .
  5. Jawaharlal Nehru University was among the institutes that made its debut in the QS World University Rankings, placing in the 561st-570th band.

 

Highly Lacunae problem: Lack of new teaching methods:

  1. The Indian higher education system has been following lecture drive method for several years.
  2. This has turned ineffective and not sufficient in many areas. Besides, there is a lack of teacher’s learning and development areas need which is should be in the form educating them.
  3. There are no approaches like mentoring, spot visits, practical educational tours and involvement in research projects with peers.
  4. Finally, one need to change the teacher’s training curriculum along with content, subject and methodology.
  5. Teachers must be encouraged take short duration professional training courses, which could help to strengthen the teacher’s learning and development areas.

 

Privatisation and Regulation:

  1. India barely spends 5% of its budgetary allocations on education. This is far below the required amount needed to upgrade the infrastructure at public institutes.
  2. Nearly 65% of the UGC budget is utilised by the central universities when the share of state universities in student enrolments is much higher.
  3. Withdrawal of public sector has left the space open for private institutions that have turned education into a flourishing business. Most of the teachers in private colleges are underpaid and overworked.
  4. Nearly 35% of professor posts and 46% of assistant professor posts out of total sanctioned strength remain vacant across the country.
  5. Indian universities persist in separating research and teaching activities. Monetary incentives for academia are practically non-existent, and Indian R&D expenditure at 0.62% of GDP is one of the lowest in emerging economies. Indian universities rank low in both research and teaching.

 

Focus should be on Learning Outcomes:

  1. There is no syllabus for integrating development concepts like emotional competencies, life skills and info-savvy skills. etc.
  2. Education institutions often lack the emphasis for pointing out on the learning outcomes than content teaching.
  3. Many institutions never take the initiative to collaborate or participate with international institutes in order to get the exposure of digital learning methods or technologies.
  4. Shortage of quality faculty is proving to be a great stumbling block in the transformation of higher education in India.
  5. According to a government report, there is a massive need for expansion in higher education; but there is also a lack of deserving Ph.D. candidates for faculty positions in the higher education.
  6. This has created a shortage of almost 54 percent in the faculty talent pool in higher education, such a deficiency will greatly prove to be a stumbling block, which mainly due to the bad decisions taken by policymakers, bureaucrats, and university administrators.
  7. Most of the Indian higher education system lacks strong teaching-learning process and research.

 

Conclusion:

This year too, just three Indian universities attained a place among the global top 200 — Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, which retains its status as Indian number-one for the fourth consecutive year.

Education is a concurrent list subject. Apart from a consensus between the centre and the states, all the other stakeholders including institutions, public and academicians should also be consulted.

The role of higher education in shaping the student’s future depends on a transparent, progressive, socially responsible and ethical educational system.