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What is Sea Snot? How it formed and what are the causes of its formation? Discuss its impact.

Topic: Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

2. What is Sea Snot? How it formed and what are the causes of its formation? Discuss its impact. (250 words)

Reference:  India Today

Why the question:

The largest Sea Snot outbreak is being witnessed in Turkey’s Marmara Sea, which connects the Black Sea to the Aegean Sea. This outbreak of mucilage is believed to be one of the largest on record, till date, and has created havoc along the country’s coastline for months.  Thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss what Sea snot is, how is it formed and its causes of formation while explaining its impact.


Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:


Start with the definition of Sea snot. When algae are overloaded with nutrients as a result of water pollution and climate change, it begins to create a thick slimy layer on the surface of the water. This layer is colloquially known as sea snot. These algae feast and grow in warm and nutrient-rich water.


The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

What are the causes of Sea Snot? – One of the biggest causes of this layer of snot is global warming and the increasing temperature of the water bodies. The climatic conditions and the severe variations in climate change is another cause, increased water pollution etc.

Discuss its formation process.

With the increased water pollution, global warming and deteriorating climatic condition, the overall situation of water bodies across the globe are being affected. Considering sea snot, it also leaves a severe impact on marine life.


Conclude with its impact.