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“The American War of Independence “deprived Great Britain of one empire but it strengthened the foundations of another. Examine the statement in the context of colonization of India.

Topic: American War of Independence and Civil war

1.  “The American War of Independence “deprived Great Britain of one empire, but it strengthened the foundations of another. Examine the statement in the context of colonization of India.(250 words)

Reference:  Mastering Modern World History by Norman Lowe

Why the question:

The question is based on the theme of  American War of Independence.

Key Demand of the question:

The question expects us to examine whether the loss of British Control in America led to changes in its approach which enabled it to strengthen its hold over another empire (India). Thus we need to point out the steps British took in India post American declaration of independence that enabled it to strengthen its hold over India.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with brief history of the American war of Independence.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Briefly first explain how Britain started ruling America. Discuss the causes of the American war of Independence

Explain then the significance of the war – The main significance is that the war ended the “Divine Right of Kingship”. America overturned Monarchy (rule by kings) and it became a Republic (head of the state is not hereditary).

Examine the steps taken by the British to consolidate its hold over India and the learning that British took from American Revolution which enabled it to take these steps. E.g. Pitts India act 1784, posting experience people in India like Cornwallis, Lord Wellesley’s policy of territorial expansion etc.

Mention that post American declaration of independence we lived in the era of pax Britannica which meant that Britain took learnings.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance.