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‘One Nation One Ration Card’ scheme

Topics Covered: Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

‘One Nation One Ration Card’ scheme:


Context:

The Supreme Court has asked the West Bengal government to implement the One Nation One Ration Card scheme “immediately” to help beneficiaries, especially migrant workers, to avail of subsidised food commodities from anywhere in the country.

  • Apart from West Bengal, Assam, Chhattisgarh and Delhi are the other states yet to implement it.

Background:

The court is hearing a suo motu (registered on its own motion) case pertaining to “problems and miseries of migrant workers”.

About the scheme:

One Nation One Ration Card (RC) will ensure all beneficiaries especially migrants can access PDS across the nation from any PDS shop of their own choice.

Benefits: no poor person is deprived of getting subsidised foodgrains under the food security scheme when they shift from one place to another. It also removes the chance of anyone holding more than one ration card to avail benefits from different states.

Significance: This will provide freedom to the beneficiaries as they will not be tied to any one PDS shop and reduce their dependence on shop owners and curtail instances of corruption.

Standard format of ‘one nation, one ration card’:

  1. For national portability, the state governments have been asked to issue the ration card in bi-lingual format, wherein besides the local language, the other language could be Hindi or English.
  2. The states have also been told to have a 10-digit standard ration card number, wherein first two digits will be state code and the next two digits will be running ration card numbers.
  3. Besides this, a set of another two digits will be appended with ration card number to create unique member IDs for each member of the household in a ration card.

 

Insta Curious: 

Do you know the differences between the National Food Security Act and National Food Security Mission? Read hereRead here

 

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. What is PDS?
  2. What is NFSA? Eligibility? Benefits?
  3. How are fair price shops established?
  4. Key features of One Nation One Ration Card (RC) scheme.

Mains Link:

Discuss the significance of One Nation One Ration Card scheme.

Sources: the Hindu.