Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Atlantic Charter

Topics Covered: World history.

Atlantic Charter:


Context:

President Joe Biden and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson recently inspected documents related to the Atlantic Charter, a declaration signed by British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt in August 1941.

  • The two leaders plan to sign what they’re calling a new Atlantic Charter, pledging to “defend the principles, values, and institutions of democracy and open societies.”

About Atlantic Charter:

The Atlantic Charter was a joint declaration issued during World War II (1939-45) by the United States and Great Britain that set out a vision for the postwar world.

  • First announced on August 14, 1941, a group of 26 Allied nations eventually pledged their support by January 1942.
  • Among its major points were a nation’s right to choose its own government, the easing of trade restrictions and a plea for postwar disarmament.
  • The document is considered one of the first key steps toward the establishment of the United Nations in 1945.

What Was Included In The Atlantic Charter?

The Atlantic Charter included eight common principles. This includes:

  1. The United States and Britain agreed not to seek territorial gains from the war, and they opposed any territorial changes made against the wishes of the people concerned.
  2. To support the restoration of self-government to those nations who had lost it during the war.
  3. People should have the right to choose their own form of government.

 

Insta Curious: 

  1. Do you know about the Kellogg-Briand Pact? Read Here (Read briefly)
  2. You can make use of this reference for questions related to Peace and International Relations

 

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. Signatories of Atlantic Charter.
  2. Components.
  3. World War 2- causes and outcomes.

Mains Link:

Discuss the significance of Atlantic Charter.

Sources: the Hindu.