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[Insights Secure STHIR– 2021] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 10 June 2021

 

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General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

1. Critically assess the development plans that have been proposed for the Lakshadweep islands. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu  

Why the question:

The article argues against the recent policies introduced by the Lakshadweep Administrator in Lakshadweep.

Key Demand of the question:

Critically assess the development plans that have been proposed for the Lakshadweep islands.

Directive:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with recent background of the issue.

Body:

Explain in what way the new policies with their one-dimensional focus on economic growth and development seem to be overlooking the environmental fragility and unique cultural geography of the islands.

Policies introduced by Lakshadweep Administrator Praful Khoda Patel in Lakshadweep have sparked protests in the union territory.

Discuss the issues in detail; issues with Draft Lakshadweep Development Authority Regulation 2021 (LDAR).

Comment on what needs to be done.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic: Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.

2. Discuss in detail the key electoral reforms proposed by ECI while highlighting their significance. (250 words)

Reference:  Hindustan Times

Why the question:

Election Commission of India (ECI) has written to the Law Ministry urging it to expeditiously address electoral reforms that are pending with the government.  Thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the key electoral reforms proposed by ECI while highlighting their significance.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with the context of the question.

Body:

The Election Commission of India is pushing for at least five key electoral reforms including making paid news an electoral offence, linking Aadhaar numbers to the electoral roll , and increasing the punishment for filing a false affidavit (to two years of imprisonment).

Explain each of the proposed reforms above in detail.  

Give the merits and demerits associated.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance.

 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3. Hasty content moderation efforts are insufficient without a serious review of the business model that reinforces much of the drivers of disinformation and misinformation on the social media platforms.” Critically analyse. (250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express

Why the question:

The article highlights the issues mentioned in the UNHRC report on disinformation and freedom of expression.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the importance of protecting human rights in digital era.

Directive:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

The UN Human Rights Council (UNHRC) Special Rapporteur submitted its report on “Disinformation and Freedom of Opinion and Expression” recently.

Body:

The UNHRC report specifically speaks of information disorder that arises from disinformation.

Impact of disinformation: Such information disorder leads to politically polarization, hinders people from meaningfully exercising their human rights, and destroys their trust in governments and institutions.

Human rights provide a powerful and appropriate framework to challenge falsehoods and present alternative viewpoints.

Discuss the need for legislative clarity on twin concept of misinformation and disinformation.

Explain other factors contributing to growth of disinformation.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

4. Explain the concept of sustainable public procurement. Analyse the factors to be deliberated while making sustainable public procurement policy in India. . (250 words)

Reference: prnewswire.com

Why the question:

On World Environment Day, a new product category of Green Room Air Conditioners was launched on the Government e-Marketplace (GeM). Thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain in detail the concept of sustainable public procurement, analyse the factors that need thought to bring this policy into action.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Sustainable procurement is a process whereby public sector meets its needs for goods, services, works and utilities in a way that achieves value for money on a whole life-cycle basis in terms of generating benefits not only to the organization, but also to society, whilst significantly reducing negative impacts on the environment.

Body:

The UNEP-led One Planet Network Sustainable Public Procurement (SPP) programme is a voluntary global multi-stakeholder partnership in which various parties – governmental, non-governmental, public, and private, agree to work together in a systematic way with the aim to promote and accelerate the implementation of sustainable public procurement globally.

Explain that the addition of Green Room Air Conditioners on GeM is an example of GeM being a futuristic and technology driven platform, focusing on environmental, social and economic pillars of sustainable public procurement.

Discuss the need for Sustainable Public Procurement (SPP) in India.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

5. Highlight and discuss the mitigating potentials of various missions undertaken by the government of India in order to achieve clean and green future of Indian cities. (250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express

Why the question:

This year, the United Nations Decade on Ecosystem Restoration is being launched, building towards the goals of this decade. In light of this, the article highlights the mitigating potentials of various missions undertaken by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs. Thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

Highlight and discuss the mitigating potentials of various missions undertaken by the government of India in order to achieve clean and green future of Indian cities.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly talk about the importance of ensuring sustainable development.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Discuss that the delicate balance between sustainable development and environmental protection is one of the core targets of the UN 2030 agenda for sustainable development. A networked approach to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals has been included in India’s policy and political discourse.

Highlight the efforts of the government in this direction.

Talk about programs like – Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban), Smart Cities Mission, AMRUT, Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban) etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude that a progressive track of urban development while keeping sustainability, disaster risk resilience and community building at its core has been the guiding principle of the government. It will help us preserve our environment, restore ecosystems and mitigate the risks posed by climate change in the coming decade.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

6. Discuss the importance of leveraging natural gas to usher in the green hydrogen era. (250 words)

Reference:  Financial Express

Why the question:

The article explains to us that it is critical to position natural gas as a transition fuel for near-term GHG reductions & enable entry of hydrogen in a decade.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the importance of leveraging natural gas to usher in the green hydrogen era.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with some key data relevant to the question context.

Body:

Natural gas currently has a 6.6% share in India’s energy mix and is targeted to increase to 15% by 2030.

Natural gas is the cleanest fossil fuel and has wide usage across power, industry and transport sectors, but only has a 40% smaller emission-footprint than coal. Splitting water using renewable energy to produce green hydrogen is expected to be a viable cost-competitive and carbon-neutral energy source, but only by 2040.

Discuss in what way Green hydrogen can displace natural gas wholly or partly in all sectors.

Explain the importance of strictly position natural gas as a transition fuel for immediate GHG reductions and enable the entry of hydrogen in a decade.

Take hints from the article and reason your answer.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: citizen charter

7. Explain how citizen charter enhances the trust between government and citizen. Also analyse the causes for its ineffectiveness in India .(250 words)

Reference: darpg.gov.in

Why the question:

The question is based on the theme of citizen charter.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain how citizen charter enhances the trust between government and citizen. Also analyse the causes for its ineffectiveness in India.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with the definition of citizen charter.

Body:

Citizens have become more articulate and expect the administration not merely to respond to their demands but also to anticipate them. It was in this climate that since 1996 a consensus had evolved in the Government on effective and responsive administration. One among the major initiatives in this regard is the adoption of Citizens’ Charter in 1997.

Discuss the objectives and components of Citizen Charter.

Explain its importance and challenges in implementing the Charters. Explain how citizen charter enhances the trust between government and citizen. Also analyse the causes for its ineffectiveness in India.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance.


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