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Government schemes and policies have the needed components to address the mental health issues but more needs to be done in the context of pandemic. Explain

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3. Government schemes and policies have the needed components to address the mental health issues but more needs to be done in the context of pandemic. Explain (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

The question is based on the importance of recognizing mental health as the next big concern that lies before the world post-pandemic.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss what more needs to be done in India in the context of COVID-19, which has exacerbated mental illnesses.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with some key data on mental illness in the country.  

Body:

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there is a 10-25-year life expectancy reduction in patients with severe mental disorders. About 72% of member states had a standalone policy or plan for mental health in 2017.

Discuss briefly what mental illness is.  Account for the issues that can be posed by it.

Suggest what measures India should take to address the challenges of it. India could reduce the treatment gap for mental disorders, increase the number of personnel in the mental health sector, work towards reducing discriminatory attitudes, and devise an integrated approach for detecting, treating, and managing patient needs.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a possible roadmap to address the issue.