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[Insights Secure STHIR– 2021] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 8 June 2021

 

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General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

1. India needs social norms based intervention at every phase of a woman’s life to overcome and address the burden of Anaemia. Analyse.(250 words)

Reference:  Down to Earth

Why the question:

The article presents the case of Anaemia; India needs social norms-based interventions at every phase of a woman’s life.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the case of Anaemia and the importance of social norms based intervention at every phase of a woman’s life to overcome and address the burden of Anaemia.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with the background of prevalence of Anaemia in India. Indian women and children are overwhelmingly anemic, according to the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) 2019-20 released this month, and the condition is the most prevalent in the Himalayan cold desert.

Body:

Explain that while behaviour changes communication for drug adherence and knowledge of Anaemia as a serious disease is needed; challenging detrimental social norms must accompany such measures.

In the last two decades, the prevalence of anaemia among Indian women of reproductive age, on average, has been 20 per cent more than the world average. While one in three women in the world is anaemic, one in two women is anaemic in India.

Take hints from the article and explain.

Conclusion:

Suggest solutions and conclude.

 

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

2. How Digital Divide in the county affects Covid 19 Vaccination Drive of the young India? Critically examine while suggesting solutions to address the gap. (250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express

Why the question:

The article explains that the CoWin portal, which was opened for registration for the 18-44 age groups on May 1, has come under the scanner for its potential to exclude those on the other side of the digital divide given that registration is mandatory.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain how Digital Divide in the county affects Covid 19 Vaccination Drive of the young India.

Directive:

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with the problem in question.

Body:

First explain about the digital divide in question.

Discuss how the digital divide is generating wider gaps in the vaccination drive.

a sizeable population struggles to get a shot at the life-saving vaccine — some in the absence of an Internet-enabled smartphone, some due to ignorance of the registration process, some for not knowing the only language (English) the portal is available in, and the rest, in navigating through the complex multi-step journey on the portal for freezing a slot despite having the means.

Suggest what needs to be done to address the solution.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic: Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.

3. Frequent elections in the country are a costly affair,  in this context do you think simultaneous elections can prove to be an effective solution? What are the issues involved? Discuss. (250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express

Why the question:

The article deals with the issue frequent elections in the country and highlights the need for debate on the idea of “one nation, one election”.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the effectiveness and possibility of simultaneous elections in our country.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with need for debate on one nation one election.

Body:

Discuss the issues in the election system; the major issues – Financial costs of conducting elections, Cost of repeated administrative freezes, Cost of repeated administrative freezes, Campaign and finance costs of political parties, Question of regional/smaller parties having a level playing field etc.

Then suggest solutions in terms of simultaneous elections.

Conclusion:

As the elections in four states and one Union territory in March-April are suspected to have contributed to the second wave of Covid infections, a well-reasoned debate on a concept as important as “one nation, one election” is called for.

 

Topic: Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

4. What is Model Citizen Charter for Gram Panchayats? Elaborate on its key features and significance. (250 words)

Reference:  pib.gov.in

Why the question:

Ministry of Panchayati Raj (MoPR) released a Model Panchayat Citizens Charter. Thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the concept of Model Citizen Charter for Gram Panchayats and its key features and importance.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with what is Model Citizen Charter for Gram Panchayats.

Body:

It is a document that represents the commitment of the Panchayat towards standard, quality and time frame of service delivery, grievance redressal mechanism, transparency, and accountability. It is prepared by MoPR in collaboration with National Institute of Rural Development & Panchayati Raj.

Discuss the objectives of Model Gram Panchayat Citizens’ Charter.

Explain the key features of Model Citizen Charter for Panchayats.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance.

 

Topic: GS-2: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

GS-3: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

5. Discuss the issues with housing sector in the country. Could the new Model Tenancy Act fundamentally change the rental business and housing itself in the country? (250 words)

Reference:  Business Standard

Why the question:

The article explains how the new Model Tenancy Act could fundamentally change the rental business and housing itself.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the issues with housing sector in recent times in the country and explain the possible role that Model Tenancy Act can play.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with a brief on housing sector of India.

Body:

House-building was marginal to the economy three decades ago. In most towns and cities, it was a state monopoly. As the mortgage business came into its own, housing finance rose quite sharply from 1% in 1991 to over 7% of GDP by about 2005 and now about 10%. With very low delinquency rates, it is one of the safest forms of lending.

Discuss the issues in the housing sector of India. Explain the efforts being made by the government.

Conclusion:

Conclude that if the housing sector is properly managed, it could become the bedrock of the economy — driving not just finance but demand a range of products and services.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

6. “Pandemic and rising climate disaster events call governments to devise the Marshall Plan on climate action”, Comment. (250 words)

Reference:  Economic Times

Why the question:

The article explains how pandemic and rising climate disaster events call governments to devise the Marshall Plan on climate action.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the need for devising a Marshall plan on climate change amidst rising incidences of pandemic and rising climate disasters.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with brief context of the question.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Importance of climate action – Rising climate disaster events: 2021 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)-National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) study shows that 2020 set a new annual record of 22 weather/climate disaster events, breaking the previous record of 16 events that occurred in 2011 and 2017. India is predicted to shoulder a quarter of the global suffering produced by climate change. Economic potential of climate action: Marketplace for climate solutions is already worth over $1 trillion, and investment is expected to increase to $23 trillion in emerging markets by 2030.

Discuss what the challenges to climate action are.

Suggest what could possibly be a Marshall plan for it.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a range of solutions to address the issue.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of Family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

7. What do you mean by happiness? Discuss its importance in human and societal wellbeing. (250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express

Why the question:

The article explains the importance of learning to seek happiness by limiting our desires.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain what you understand by Happiness and explain the importance of it in human and societal wellbeing.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with the definition of happiness in general.

Body:

The answer body must explain that the world is facing unprecedented challenges, be it the pandemic, climate change or terrorism. Humanity’s well-being matters now more than ever. There is a need for a more inclusive, equitable and balanced approach to economic growth that promotes sustainable development, poverty eradication and happiness.

Give examples and explain the importance in detail.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of happiness.


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