Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
1. India needs social norms based intervention at every phase of a woman’s life to overcome and address the burden of Anaemia. Analyse.(250 words)
Reference: Down to Earth
Why the question:
The article presents the case of Anaemia; India needs social norms-based interventions at every phase of a woman’s life.
Key Demand of the question:
Discuss the case of Anaemia and the importance of social norms based intervention at every phase of a woman’s life to overcome and address the burden of Anaemia.
Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
Start with the background of prevalence of Anaemia in India. Indian women and children are overwhelmingly anemic, according to the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) 2019-20 released this month, and the condition is the most prevalent in the Himalayan cold desert.
Explain that while behaviour changes communication for drug adherence and knowledge of Anaemia as a serious disease is needed; challenging detrimental social norms must accompany such measures.
In the last two decades, the prevalence of anaemia among Indian women of reproductive age, on average, has been 20 per cent more than the world average. While one in three women in the world is anaemic, one in two women is anaemic in India.
Take hints from the article and explain.
Suggest solutions and conclude.