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To what extent globalization has predisposed the fundamentals of cultural diversity in India? Explain.

Topic: Effects of globalization on Indian society Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

1. To what extent globalization has predisposed the fundamentals of cultural diversity in India? Explain. (250 words)

Reference:  un.org

Why the question:

The question is based on the impact of globalisation on the cultural diversity of India.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain in detail to what extent globalization has predisposed the fundamentals of cultural diversity in India.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with definition of globalisation in general.

Body:

One has to analyse both positives and negatives of globalization :

Linguistic diversity: resulted in centralist language, which dominates regional dialects, and minority languages. E.g.: In urban areas, most of the families these days talk in English even at homes. But it has a positive dimension, where it had led to Indians excelling in the services sector of the economy.

Caste Diversity: has led to decreased emphasis on localized castes but the socio-economic disparities in societies continues to cause conflicts, which are dominated by caste hegemony.

Religious diversity: increased prosperity and materialistic pursuits have decreased the religion based conflicts but religion continues to dominate the social sphere mostly concerned with ethos and values. It also had led to questioning the age old exploitative traditions like Devadasi and Triple-talaq. Also though India was multi-religious but was dominated by Hindu’s with globalization it has led to be polarized by few religions. Also, exposed India to religious fundamentalism.

Racial diversity: Globalization to an extent has changed the racial demography to an extent with decreasing numbers of Mongoloid race. Migration from North East side of India has to an extent changed the demography of Indian races. The economic inequalities and slow movement towards mono-culture has led to increased attacks on racial minorities, E.g.: NE students attacked in New Delhi.

Enlist the negative influences too.

Conclusion:

Conclude that Globalization to an extent acted as a unifying force but monitored access would help India preserve its multi-lingual, multi-religious and multi-caste society