Topic: population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
1. Should India implement a child limit? Analyse and suggest if One-Child Policy would be effective for population control in India? (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why the question:
China will for the first time allow couples to have a third child in a further relaxation of family planning rules five years after a “two-child policy” largely failed to boost birth rates. Thus the context of the question.
Key Demand of the question:
Analyse if one-child policy can aid India in controlling its population and should India put a limit on child for its population control measures.
Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
Start with what was the One-Child Policy of China.
India is already overpopulated. According to the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, population of India is 1.32 billion, hitting the 1-billion mark.
One place behind the world’s most populous city, China with 1.38 billion (The United Nations). Although the population has been a problem acknowledged by the government, it has been growing continuously, non-stop. India’s population is predicted to surpass China’s population by 2022.
Explain why exceeding population growth is an issue. Discuss the factors.
Discuss the pros and cons. Requiring a child limit is usually successful in lowering the fertility rate but is also controversial and hard to mandate (especially when other strategies to lower the population exist). Despite the obstacles, one can conclude that a child limit is necessary in eliminating the issue of overpopulation in India.
Factual evidence has shown that a child limit greatly reduces the fertility rate, the unemployment rate, and is healthy for the planet.
Despite the obstacles, a child limit could be a reality with the use of enough resources. Education programs and other services would be very helpful in easing the transition. Policy makers have already approached this question in the past. With significant effort, changes can be made that will help India’s population issue in a big way.