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[Insights Secure STHIR– 2021] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 1 June 2021

 

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

1. Tarun Tejpal case judgment needs to be overturned. Else, it will remain as a bad precedent that impedes the workplace safety of women. Critically analyse. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

Earlier this week, a Goa Sessions Court acquitted former Tehelka Editor-in-Chief Tarun Tejpal of all charges relating to his alleged rape of his junior colleague (the prosecutrix) in 2013. Thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

One is expected to analyse the case from the perspective of safety of women at workplace.

Directive:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with brief background of the case.

Body:

Explain that the judgment adopts deeply flawed lines of reasoning that exemplify the system’s failures to protect sexual assault survivors, particularly when faced with power imbalances.

Discuss then the reasons for criticizing the Tarun Tejpal case judgment; the judgment is criticized for its unprecedented interpretation in support of the accused. Violation of privacy – Section 53A in the Indian Evidence Act rules out reference to past sexual history. However, the survivor was subjected to answer even intimate details of her life and her friendships. The judgment criminalizes the right of a survivor to approach activists and lawyers for their help.

Conclusion:

Suggest what needs to be done, emphasize on need to overturn the judgment while reiterating importance of workplace safety of women.

 

Topic: Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

2. Dalit women are more vulnerable to violence in our country due to Systematic and structural discrimination; In this backdrop explain why India’s Dalit women are vulnerable to sexual violence? Also critically examine role of Indian judicial system in protecting these survivors. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

The article brings to us insights on recognising caste-based violence against women.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the issue of caste-based violence against women in the country while explaining the key role that the Indian judicial system must play in protecting these survivors.

Directive:

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with recent incidences justifying the case in question; the horror of the gang rape of a 19-year-old Dalit woman in Hathras in 2020.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Firstly discuss why Dalit women are more vulnerable to violence; culture of impunity – Dalit, also known as the “untouchables” in India, languish at the bottom of the South Asian country’s caste hierarchy. Dalit women, who make up 16% of India’s female population, face higher risks of gender and caste-based violence and are often exposed to widespread sexual violence. Dalit women are more vulnerable to violence is because they make up the majority of India’s landless laborers and scavengers, and a significant percentage of them are forced into prostitution or sold into brothels.

For this reason, Dalit women are more likely to come into contact with landlords and enforcement agencies, which can then easily exploit and abuse them with impunity. law and order systems are not accessible. Etc.

Then, critically examine role of Indian judicial system in protecting these survivors.

Conclusion:

Take hints from the article and suggest way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3. The draft legislation of reforms in Lakshadweep with the aim of transforming Lakshadweep into a renowned international tourist destination bags stringent criticism. Comment. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

The article highlights the issues with development model sought to be pursued in Lakshadweep.

Key Demand of the question:

One is expected to critically analyse the suitability of Maldives model of development for the Lakshadweep.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with brief background of Lakshadweep.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Explain the issues with following Maldives model for development of Lakshadweep. Recently, the Administrator, Lakshadweep, introduced a slew of draft legislation that will have a wide-ranging impact on the islands.

One such legislation is the Lakshadweep Development Authority Regulation 2021 with intentions to develop Lakshadweep like neighboring Maldives, “a renowned international tourist destination”.

Rejecting the Maldives model, the plan for Lakshadweep required that the industry had to be people-centric and enrich the fragile coral ecology.

Today, long lines and refrigeration have aided the expansion of the fishing sector but income disparities have grown.

Conclusion:

Conclude that what Lakshadweep needs is a clear policy must include conservation and natural resource management arrived at after wide consultation, eminently possible within the existing infrastructure of the Union Territory, and also taking into account climatic compulsions.

 

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

4. The pandemic has made us realize that no single health care system can provide satisfactory answers to all the health needs of modern society. There is a need for an inclusive and integrated health care regime. Elucidate. (250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express

Why the question:

The question is amidst the healthcare crisis that India is facing amidst pandemic.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain in what way the pandemic has made us realize that no single health care system can provide satisfactory answers to all the health needs of modern society. There is a need for an inclusive and integrated health care regime.

Directive:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with brief context of the current crisis facing the Indian healthcare system.

Body:

This unprecedented public health emergency has demonstrated that health facilities, medical transport, patients as well as health care workers and their families can – and do – become targets everywhere. This alarming trend reinforces the need for improved measures to protect health care from acts of violence.

During the COVID-19 pandemic more than ever, protecting the health and lives of health care providers on the frontline is critical to enabling a better global response.

Explain why no single healthcare system can address the situation one handedly.

Deliberate upon the need to recognise the importance of an inclusive and integrated health care regime.

Conclusion:

Suggest solutions and conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

5. “Cryptocurrency will lead the next phase of digital revolution. India must not miss the bus.” Elaborate. (250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express

Why the question:

The article highlights the need for coherent cryptocurrency policy and the need to avoid missing the benefits offered by the technology.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the importance of adopting and regulating crypto currencies in India.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with growing dominance of crypto currency worldwide briefly.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Present the positives of Cryptocurrency and block chain technology first.

Fears associated with regulation and use of Cryptocurrency.

Account for the Critique of government’s reluctance against Open Cryptocurrency.

Highlight the need for regulation – Regulation is definitely needed to prevent serious problems, to ensure that crypto currencies are not misused, and to protect unsuspecting investors from excessive market volatility and possible scams.  However, regulation needs to be clear, transparent, coherent and animated by a vision of what it seeks to achieve.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.

6. What are the seven varieties of intelligence which Howard Gardener included in emotional intelligence? Explain. (250 words)

Reference:  Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by G Subba Rao and P. N. Roy Chowdhury

Why the question:

The question is based on the theme of emotional intelligence.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the seven varieties of intelligence which Howard Gardener included in emotional intelligence.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with what you understand by emotional intelligence.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

What are Gardner’s 7 types of intelligence? – To broaden this notion of intelligence, Gardner introduced eight different types of intelligences consisting of: Linguistic, Logical/Mathematical, Spatial, Bodily-Kinesthetic, Musical, Interpersonal, Intrapersonal, and Naturalist.

According to Howard Gardner, emotional intelligence is the ability to recognize our own feelings and those of others, to motivate ourselves and to manage emotions well both with ourselves and in our relationships.

Discuss the nuances of his theory in detail.

Conclusion:

Conclude with relevance and importance of the theory.

 

Topic: Ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

7. Outline the main principles of idealism in the context of international relations. (250 words)

Reference:  Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by G Subba Rao and P. N. Roy Chowdhury

Why the question:

The question is about the main principles of idealism applied to the context of international relations.

Key Demand of the question:

Outline the main principles of idealism in the context of international relations.

Directive:

Outline – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain what idealism means in the context of international relations.

Body:

The broad understanding sees idealism as a perennial doctrine or disposition towards world affairs which can be witnessed in all historical periods where independent political communities exist in a condition of anarchy i.e. in the absence of central government. Idealism is an optimistic doctrine which seeks to transcend the international anarchy, and create a more cosmopolitan and harmonious world order.

Explain the features; Idealism is centered on the notion that states are rational actors capable of ensuring lasting peace and security rather than resorting to war. Idealism is also marked by the prominent role played by international law and international organizations in its conception of policy formation.

Give examples to justify your points.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance.


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