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What Germany recognising the colonial-era genocide in Namibia means for the African nation?

Topics Covered: World History.

What Germany recognising the colonial-era genocide in Namibia means for the African nation?


Context:

Germany for the first time has recognised that it committed genocide against the Herero and Nama people in present-day Namibia during its colonial rule over a century ago.

  • Germany has also announced a fund of €1.1 billion ($1.2 billion) to help aid community projects in Namibia.

About the Genocide- What happened then?

  1. Between 1904 and 1908, German colonial settlers killed tens of thousands of men, women and children from the Herero and Nama tribes after they rebelled against colonial rule in what was then called German South West Africa.
  2. Reasons for the rebellion: Local tribes saw the German settlers as a threat to their land and resources.
  3. Important events- the Battle of Waterberg: around 80,000 Herero, including women and children, were chased across the desert by German troops. A mere 15,000 survived.

How long was the present day Namibia under the control of Germans?

  • Between 1884 and 1890, Germany formally colonised parts of present-day Namibia.
  • The Germans continued to rule the region till 1915, following which it fell under South Africa’s control for 75 years.
  • Namibia finally gained independence in 1990.

So, what happens now?

The atrocities committed have been described by some historians as the first genocide of the 20th century.

Now, after the announcement, a declaration will be signed by Germany, following which it will be ratified by the parliaments of both countries.

  • President Frank-Walter Steinmeier is then expected to officially apologize for Germany’s crimes in front of the Namibian Parliament.

 

Insta Curious:

Do you feel legal remedies for historical injustices are justified? : Read here

 

 

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. What was called German South West Africa in the early 20th century?
  2. Location of Namibia.
  3. About the Genocide.
  4. Herero and Nama tribes are found in which country?

Mains Link:

Discuss the impact of acceptance of genocide that Germany had committed against the Herero and Nama people in present-day Namibia.

Sources: Indian Express.