Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
3. Explain in what ways the patents impediments can be avoided ensuring social justice and improvising the battle against pandemic. (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why the question:
The article brings to us to some ideas related to patent pathways amidst the challenging days of covid-19.
Key Demand of the question:
Discuss in detail in what ways the patents impediments can be avoided ensuring social justice and improvising the battle against pandemic.
Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Start by highlighting the concerns around patenting amidst the pandemic.
Explain that Universal vaccination is a necessity to stop the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic.
To achieve global herd immunity and prevent new strains of COVID-19 from emerging, vaccines need to be affordable and available in massive quantities throughout the globe.
The lack of technical know-how and the limited capacity of the current manufacturers to scale up their production capacities have led to massive vaccine shortage globally. The strict intellectual rights regime is also a hurdle for large scale manufacturing of the vaccines.
Discuss some of the ways to overcome the patents hurdle to help scale up the global vaccine production.(take cues from the article)
Patents should not be considered as ironclad ownership rights. They are but a temporary contract that balances the public interest with the claims of the innovator and that too in normal times. Given the urgent global health crisis, all possible options should be used to overcome the IP hurdle to ensure large scale vaccine production.