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DRDO’s Covid-19 antibody detection kit

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DRDO’s Covid-19 antibody detection kit:


Context:

The Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences (DIPAS), a laboratory of Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), has developed a Covid-19 antibody detection kit called ‘Dipcovan’.

About Dipcovan:

  • The Dipcovan kit can detect both spike as well as nucleocapsid (S&N) proteins of SARS-CoV-2 virus with a high sensitivity of 97 % and specificity of 99%.
  • The kit has a shelf life of 18 months.
  • It has been developed in association with Vanguard Diagnostics Pvt Ltd.
  • The antibody detection kit is approved by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) in April 2021.

Antibody:

  • Antibody, also called immunoglobulin is a protective protein produced by the immune system in response to the presence of a foreign substance, called an antigen.
  • Antibodies recognize and attack onto antigens in order to remove them from the body.

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. Differentiate between- RT- PCR, Rapid antibody and rapid antigen tests.
  2. What are antibodies?
  3. What are antigens?
  4. How does the body’s immune system work?
  5. What are lymphocytes?
  6. Coronavirus that affects humans.

Mains Link:

Write a note on rapid antigen tests.

Sources: PIB.