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What were the aims and objectives of the Indian National Congress at the time of its inception? Discuss how far was it successful to achieve the targets

Topic: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

1. What were the aims and objectives of the Indian National Congress at the time of its inception? Discuss how far was it successful to achieve the targets (250 words)

Reference:  Modern Indian history by Spectrum Publications

Why the question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I , part Modern history.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the details of the aims and objectives of the Indian National Congress at the time of its inception and its success.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with the situation prevalent at the time of formation of Indian National Congress (INC).

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Explain the aims and objectives of the INC at the time of its inception. In the later 1870s and early 1880s, a solid ground had been prepared for the establishment of an all-India organisation. The final shape to this idea was given by a retired English civil servant, A.O. Hume, who mobilized leading intellectuals of the time and, with their cooperation, organized the first session of the Indian National Congress in December 1885.

Evaluate the success of INC to achieve the targets in its early phase. Also present the challenges associated.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance.