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What is the rationale for creation of State Legislative Councils? Discuss the criticisms leveled against State Legislative Councils?

Topic: Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

3. What is the rationale for creation of State Legislative Councils? Discuss the criticisms leveled against State Legislative Councils?  (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

The West Bengal cabinet has decided to set up a Legislative Council. The formation of a legislative council was one of the promises included in the election manifesto of the Trinamool Congress.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the rationale for creation of State Legislative Councils and the criticisms for the same.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with basic demand of the question.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Firstly explain the Constitutional Provision for the abolition or creation of a Legislative Council.

Then explain the rationale for creation of State Legislative Councils? – Check on hasty legislation, Prevent arbitrary and populist legislation, sharing workload with the assembly, Accommodation of experienced individuals etc.

Then discuss the criticisms leveled against State Legislative Councils – No substantial power, Accommodating Party Functionaries, Promotion of vested interests etc.

Conclusion:

Suggest what needs to be done and conclude with way forward.