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“The universalization of social security remains an unsatisfied aspiration in the new code on social security”. Critically analyse.

Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

2.  “The universalization of social security remains an unsatisfied aspiration in the new code on social security”. Critically analyse. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

The article explains in what way the universalization of social security remains an unfulfilled aspiration in the new code on social security.

Key Demand of the question:

Critically analyse the new code on social security and its lacuna with respect to universalization.

Directive:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with brief context of the question.

Body:

India’s Parliament in September 2020 passed a Social Security Code (SS Code 2020).

The SS Code 2020 merges existing social security laws and attempts to include informal workers within the ambit of social security administration. It proposes that both the central and State governments will formulate schemes for unorganized workers. The legal framework as proposed in the Code and Rules, implies that the basic onus lies on informal workers registering as beneficiaries. Registration is a prerequisite for universal coverage. To avail social security, an informal worker must register herself on the specified online portal to be developed by the central government.

Discuss the challenges in detail and suggest what needs to be done.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.