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BRICS Employment Working Group (EWG) Meeting

Topics Covered: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

BRICS Employment Working Group (EWG) Meeting:


Context:

1st BRICS Employment Working Group (EWG) Meeting was held recently at New Delhi in virtual format.

  • India has assumed BRICS Presidency this year.

The prime agenda for the discussions were:

Promoting Social Security Agreements amongst BRICS Nations, Formalization of labour markets, Participation of women in labour force and Gig and platform workers – Role in labour market.

Outcomes of the meeting:

  • On the issue of Social Security Agreement (SSA), the Member Nations resolved to enter into dialogue and discussion with each other and take it forward towards signing of the agreements.
  • The International Labour Organization (ILO) and International Social Security Agency (ISSA) on their part, expressed willingness to provide technical support in facilitating conclusion of such agreements.

What are SSAs?

  • SSA is a bilateral agreement between India and a foreign country designed to protect the interests of cross border workers.
  • The agreement provides for avoidance of ‘double coverage’ and ensures equality of treatment to workers of both countries from a social security perspective.

Background:

As on date, India has signed SSAs with 18 countries.

SSAs broadly provide the following three benefits:

  1. Avoiding making of double social security contributions by the workers (detachment).
  2. Easy remittance of benefits (Exportability).
  3. Aggregating the contribution periods (in two countries) to prevent loss of benefits (Totalization).
  4. Provide for disability insurance benefits to the Indian nationals working abroad.

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. About BRICS.
  2. Important organizations associated with BRICS.
  3. What are SSAs?

Mains Link:

Discuss the significance of SSAs.

Sources: PIB.