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[Insights Secure STHIR– 2021] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 14 May 2021

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

1.  Discuss the contribution of Savitribai Phule in empowerment of women and in fight against caste discrimination. (250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express

Why the question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I , part Modern Indian history – Important personalities.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the contribution of Savitribai Phule in empowerment of women and in fight against caste discrimination.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with who Savitribai Phule was.

Body:

India was ahead in terms of recognizing this lacuna and the country was fortunate to witness Savitribai Phule, who took it on her to lead the gender justice movement in India, Savitribai Phule not only fought for right education for girls but also for the right to dignity for widows. She was the first female teacher of the first women’s school in India. Savitribai Phule’s contribution to education remains unparalleled.

She was a courageous lady who taught women, especially those coming from socially and economically deprived segments of the society. Her interest in reading, studying and teaching was the hallmark of her work and personality. She was an institution builder who initiated and sustained schools in Dalit neighborhoods and ensured that education reached those who were traditionally excluded from access to sources of knowledge.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of her contributions.

 

Topic: Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

2. Discuss the expanses of Savanna grassland spread across the world. And analyse the impact of colonial forestry on Indian grasslands. (250 words)

Reference:  Down to Earth

Why the question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I , part geography.

Key Demand of the question:

The article explains the long shadow of colonial forestry that is a threat to savannas and grasslands. One must substantiate this with required analysis.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Savanna and grassland store up to a third of the world’s carbon in its soils. They keep streams flowing, recharge groundwater, and provide grazing for livestock and wildlife.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Discuss the expanses of Savanna grassland spread across the world. Grasslands can store carbon reliably under increasingly hot and dry climates. The same conditions make forests vulnerable to die-back and wildfires. Restoring grasslands is also relatively cheap and has the highest benefit-to-cost ratio of all the world’s biomes.

Use a world map showing Savanna regions to substantiate and support your answer better.

Analyse the impact of colonial forestry on Indian grasslands

Conclusion:

Conclude with their importance.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

3. “An enforced disappearance is a continuous crime in East Asian region that needs a comprehensive approach to fight against it”. Justify. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

The article brings to us the dismal picture of enforced disappearance as a continuous crime in the East Asian region.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss and justify in what way an enforced disappearance is a continuous crime in East Asian region that needs a comprehensive approach to fight against it.

Directive:

Justify – When you are asked to justify, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences.  You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question using suitable case studies or/ and examples.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with what is “Enforced disappearance”.

Body:

An enforced disappearance is defined by several constituent elements. First, it is characterised by the deprivation of liberty, where persons are arrested, detained or abducted against their will or otherwise deprived of their liberty. Second, there are grounds for seeking governmental responsibility for the act, including of officials of different branches or levels of government or by organised groups or private individuals acting on behalf of, or with the support, direct or indirect, consent or acquiescence of, the government. Third, such an act typically occurs in the context of a state’s continuous refusal to take relevant action, including refusal to disclose the fate or whereabouts of the persons concerned or refusal to acknowledge the deprivation of their liberty, which places such persons outside the protection of the law.

Briefly present the case of enforced disappearances in the East Asian regions – Myanmar, case of Sri Lanka, China etc.

Discuss the underlying factors that lead to enforced disappearances.

Suggest remedial measures.

Conclusion:

Conclude that the international community should come together and strengthen its efforts to eradicate enforced disappearances as soon as possible.

 

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

4. The privacy of students who use EdTech apps for learning is at risk, In this context discuss the concerns associated while explaining the need of ethical policy to address it. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

The editorial explains how the privacy of students who use EdTech apps for learning is at risk.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the risks involved in using EdTech apps by students and explain the need to have an ethical policy to address it.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the background of the question.

Body:

Due to the Pandemic, online education has replaced conventional classroom instruction, leading to the high popularity of EdTech apps due to their ability to customize learning to every student in the system. Changing role of teachers: Forced to become facilitators in learning rather than content providers.

Discuss the risks in the usage of EdTech apps – privacy concerns, scope for intrusions, violation of ethical rules, risks of manipulation etc.

Explain the need to have ethical policies to address the issues involved.

Conclusion:

EdTech companies would have to be encouraged to comply in the interest of a healthier learning ecosystem.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

5. What do you understand by Goldilocks Economy? Explain why is it often  challenging for central bankers and governments to engineer a Goldilocks economy. (250 words)

Reference:  investopedia.com

Why the question:

The article throws light on what Goldilocks economy is and its nuances.  

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the concept of Goldilocks economy and the challenges involved therein.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

The term describes an ideal state for an economic system. In this perfect state, there is full employment, economic stability, and stable growth. The economy is not expanding or contracting by a large margin. Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Explain the key features of Goldilocks economy.

Discuss that the Central banks are responsible for regulating the money supply and the banking sector. The banking authority uses monetary policy tools to bring on and maintain a Goldilocks economy.

Give examples of such an economy.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

6. Explain the need to reduce global methane emissions and advance to abatement, recovery, and use of methane as a clean energy source. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

The ‘Global Methane Assessment: Benefits and Costs of Mitigating Methane Emissions’ report has been released by the Climate & Clean Air Coalition (CCAC) together with the United Nations Environment Programme.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain the need to reduce global methane emissions and advance to abatement, recovery, and use of methane as a clean energy source.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with some key facts related to global methane emissions.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Explain why do we need to reduce methane? – A potent greenhouse gas, contributes to Ground-level ozone, Alarming rate of increase etc.

Then move on to explain the Potential benefits of Methane reduction.

Explain the Methane emissions reduction potential of different sectors.

Conclusion:

Conclude that urgent steps must be taken to reduce methane emissions this decade. Given the wide range of impacts from methane, the societal, economic, and environmental benefits of acting are numerous and far outweigh the costs.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of Family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

7. “Of all crimes that human creatures are capable of committing, the most horrid and unnatural is ingratitude”, In the context of the statement elaborate the importance of Gratitude with suitable examples.(250 words)

Reference:  Economic Times

Why the question:

The question is premised on the context of Gratitude as an important value.

Key Demand of the question:

In the context of the statement highlight the importance of Gratitude with suitable examples.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with definition of Gratitude.

Body:

Philosopher David Hume wrote, ‘Of all crimes that human creatures are capable of committing, the most horrid and unnatural is ingratitude.’

Gratitude is ‘the feeling of being thankful’. It is the recognition that one has obtained appositive outcome and recognising that there is an external source for this positive outcome.

Its importance: Studies reveal that expressing gratitude is linked to psychological well being — it increases happiness and satisfaction with life, and encourages the development of patience and humility.

At a societal level, it acts as glue, making people generous, kind and helpful. And where there is lack of appreciation for the good around you, a person tends to suffer from a sense of self-importance and becomes arrogant and, in effect, a poorer human being.

Suggest methods through which one can inculcate the value of Gratitude.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance.


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