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What are the problems being faced by the Power Sector? How can these problems be resolved with the help of Draft National Electricity Policy 2021? Explain.

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

5. What are the problems being faced by the Power Sector? How can these problems be resolved with the help of Draft National Electricity Policy 2021? Explain. (250 words)

Reference:  Financial Express

Why the question:

Draft National Electricity Policy 2021 has been released by the Ministry of Power. Thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain the problems being faced by power sector in India and highlight in what way National Electricity Policy 2021 can address these issues.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Under Section 3 (3) of the Electricity Act, 2003, the Central Government may, from time to time, in consultation with the State Governments and the Central Electricity Authority, review or revise, the National Electricity Policy.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Discuss first the existing problems of power sector in the country.

Then discuss the major provisions of the Draft National Electricity Policy 2021.

Highlight the pros and cons of the policy.

Discuss the efforts of the government in this direction from past to present.

Conclusion:

Conclude that as India has made significant progress in recent years in terms of capacity addition and increasing renewables in the power mix, the government is making yet another attempt to improve the state of the power sector and has come up with a new draft National Electricity Policy with objectives such as promoting clean energy, developing an efficient market for electricity distribution, and revitalizing distribution companies.